Penedos de São Pedro e São PauloThe word 'penedo' means 'rock' or 'boulder', which gives you an idea of the size of these tiny islands - the largest being no more than a few hundred metres long. There is no flora to be found on most of the islands (just one has scant vegetation), and little fauna - just a few sea birds who use the archipelago as a convenient resting place (and toilet!), and some crabs and insects. The sea is boistrous, making human landings difficult.
Nevertheless, there are remains of an old lighthouse which was built in the 1930's by the Brazilian navy. The lighthouse didn't last long due to siesmic activity, but a more robust replacement was built in the 1990's. Charles Darwin paid a visit in 1832, and some people still visit the islands to carry out long-distance radio transmissions, geological studies, and diving expeditions.
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